Vinyl chloride

a review 1835-1975 : an annotated literature collection, 1835-1975 : a literature compilation, 1976-1977 by H. S. Warren

Publisher: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, operated by Union Carbide Corp. for the Dept. of Energy in Oak Ridge, Tenn

Written in English
Published: Pages: 218 Downloads: 474
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Subjects:

  • Vinyl chloride -- Bibliography,
  • Vinyl chloride -- Toxicology -- Bibliography
  • Edition Notes

    StatementH.S. Warren, J.E. Huff and H.B. Gerstner.
    ContributionsGerstner, Helga B., Huff, J. E., United States. National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn., United States. National Library of Medicine. Toxicology Information Program
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsZ5524V5 W37
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii, 218 p.
    Number of Pages218
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20731975M

The vinyl chloride plastic film and sheeting covered herein shall be to mm (3 to 10 mils) in thickness for film and greater than mm in thickness for sheeting. The film and sheeting shall include the stabilizers and plasticizers necessary to meet the requirements of this specification. This specification covers transparent, translucent, or opaque film and sheeting that is. Breathing vinyl chloride for a lifetime at ppbv is very unlikely to be harmful to people. If vinyl chloride concentrations in air are above the action level, we recommend taking an action to halt exposure. Most people cannot smell vinyl chloride until the level is between and 10, ppbv. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit soundsofgoodnews.com to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Apr 01,  · The polymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely admixed, alone or in mixture with other permitted polymers, as modifiers in semirigid and rigid vinyl chloride plastic food-contact articles prepared from vinyl chloride homopolymers and/or from vinyl chloride copolymers complying with , , and/or of this chapter, in accordance with the following.

Vinyl chloride monomer is a known cause of angiosarcoma of the liver. It also has other toxic effects on the liver, and it has recently been suggested that exposure to vinyl chloride also causes Author: Morris Sherman. Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, - Vinyl chloride - . Health Effects of Exposure to General "Plastic" Odors or "Vinyl" Odors in the Home. A single small exposure [to vinyl chloride] from which a person recovers quickly is unlikely to cause delayed or long-term effects. Exposure to vinyl chloride over many years can affect the liver, nervous system, and skin. Vinyl chloride is a colorless organic gas with a sweet odor, used in product manufacturing—especially in the manufacture of polyvinyl chloride (PVC)—and heavily depended upon by .

Vinyl chloride is also a product of anaerobic degradation of chlorination solvents such as would be expected to occur in groundwater and landfills. Small quantities of vinyl chloride can be released to food by migration of vinyl chloride monomer present in polyvinyl chloride food wrappings and containers. Jun 23,  · Carbon disulfide,* chromatographic quality. Vinyl chloride,*, %, in lecture bottle fitted with valve and septum. Calibration stock solutions mg/mL. a. Insert the tip of a gas syringe containing 1 mL vinyl chloride gas under the surface of 5 mL CS 2 in a mL volumetric flask. b. Vinyl Chloride (PDF *) DISCLAIMER: These procedures were designed and tested for internal use by OSHA personnel. Mention of any company name or commercial product does not constitute endorsement by OSHA. Search Sampling and Analytical Methods. Go! A facile Pd-catalyzed conversion of aryl and vinyl triflates allows convenient access to various aryl, heteroaryl, and vinyl halides in good to excellent yields and with greatly simplified conditions relative to our previous report. J. Pan, X. Wang, Y. Zhang, S. L. Buchwald, Org. Lett., , 13,

Vinyl chloride by H. S. Warren Download PDF EPUB FB2

Sep 07,  · Handbook of Vinyl Formulating [Richard F Grossman] on soundsofgoodnews.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Here is your starting point and complete guide to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) formulation.

It covers the basics of vinyl formulation/5(2). Vinyl chloride is an organochloride with the formula H 2 C=CHCl that is also called vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) or soundsofgoodnews.com colorless compound is an important industrial chemical chiefly used to produce the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

About 13 billion kilograms are produced soundsofgoodnews.comal formula: C₂H₃Cl. Polyvinyl chloride (/ ˌ p ɒ l i v aɪ n əl ˈ k l ɔːr aɪ d /; colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.

About 40 million tonnes are produced per year. PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and soundsofgoodnews.comiations: PVC. Learn about vinyl chloride, which can raise the risk of a rare form of liver cancer, as well as brain and lung cancers, and leukemia and lymphoma.

Vinyl chloride is used primarily to make PVC, a substance used in products such as Vinyl chloride book. Vinyl chloride is a microbial degradation product of trichloroethylene in groundwater, and thus can be found in groundwater affected by trichloroethylene contamination.

(3) Occupational exposure to vinyl chloride may occur in those workers concerned with the production, use. The following pie chart shows world consumption of vinyl chloride monomer: InNortheast Asia was the largest consumer of VCM, accounting for over half of the world’s VCM demand.

China is the largest overall player in the VCM market, with more than 40% of the total global capacity, production, and consumption in vinyl chloride is good – more than 98% -- and the only significant side reaction is the further addition of HCl to vinyl chloride to form 1,1-dichlorethane” (21).

The major issue with this process is that fact that the catalyst used, mercuric chloride, is a very volatile compound. It is so volatile that much of the development work on this.

Vinyl Chloride Production By: Jeremy Dry, Bryce Lawson, Phuong Le, Israel Osisanya, Deepa Vinyl chloride book, Anecia Shelton Capstone Design Project- University of Oklahoma - Spring Introduction The goal of this project is to design an environmentally friendly, safe, and economically profitable vinyl chloride production plant.

Symbol which looks like a small house Solid circle with an upward pointer in it. Jump to content. A brief history of the commercial development of vinyl chloride, tabulation of its physical properties, discussion of its chemical reactions, detailed descriptions of the component processes currently used for its production, economic aspects, uses, toxicity and handling precautions, and purity standards are soundsofgoodnews.comal reactions that vinyl chloride undergoes include polymerization.

Theodore H. Tulchinsky MD, MPH, Elena A. Varavikova MD, MPH, PhD, in The New Public Health (Third Edition), Vinyl Chloride.

Vinyl chloride is a colorless, flammable gas with a faintly sweet odor. It is an important component of the chemical industry because of its flame-retardant properties, low cost, and many end-product uses.

Vinyl chloride is a manufactured substance, used mostly to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic products. Vinyl chloride can enter the air, soil and groundwater following improper disposal of chemical wastes.

How can I be exposed to vinyl chloride. The most common way people are exposed to vinyl chloride is through breathing contaminated air. A brief history of the commercial development of vinyl chloride, tabulation of its physical properties, discussion of its chemical reactions, detailed descriptions of the component processes currently used for its production, economic aspects, uses, toxicity and handling precautions, and purity standards are given.

Handbook of Polyvinyl Chloride Formulating [Edward J. Wickson] on soundsofgoodnews.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A ready reference describing, in detail, properties of various commercial PVC resins available in the U.S.

and Canada and how these/5(3). Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is a colorless, gaseous, sweet-smelling organochloride primarily used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with additional historical usage before the s as an aerosol propellant and refrigerant.[1] [2][3] VCM is now classified as an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Group 1 carcinogen.[4]Author: Matthew S.

Fralish, John W. Downs. Feb 04,  · Exposure to vinyl chloride occurs mainly in the workplace. Breathing high levels of vinyl chloride for short periods of time can cause dizziness, sleepiness, unconsciousness, and at extremely high levels can cause death.

Breathing vinyl chloride for long periods of time can result in permanent liver damage, immune reactions, nerve damage, and liver cancer.

Vinyl chloride | H2C=CHCl or (C2H3Cl)n or C2H3Cl | CID - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Vinyl Chloride is an organochlorine compound that is a colorless, flammable gas that readily forms a liquid under increased pressure or at reduced temperatures.

It is the precursor to polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which is used extensively in the construction, automotive, and plastics industry. Vinyl Chloride is produced at several Westlake. Vinyl chloride, a colourless, flammable, toxic gas belonging to the family of organohalogen compounds and used principally in making polyvinyl chloride, or PVC, a widely used plastic with numerous applications.

The major industrial preparation of vinyl chloride begins with ethylene and has two. vinyl could be plasticized, vinyl-based products such as insulated wire, raincoats, and shower curtains hit the market. Vinyl played a key role in the war effort and, in the sub-sequent decades, vinyl further expanded its uses and became a staple of the construc-tion industry.

Today, vinyl is the second largest selling plastic in the world and em. The molecular weight of vinyl chloride monomer, and thus of the repeating unit in vinyl chloride homopolymers, is roughlycomprising weight percent chlorine, per cent carbon and per cent hydrogen.

In typical PVC homopolymers, an average of to vinyl chloride units are joined to each other. Get this from a library.

Vinyl chloride. [Canada. Environmental Protection Programs Directorate. Technical Services Branch.;] -- Environmental and Technical Information for Problem Spills manuals provide detailed information on chemical substances.

This information is intended to assist the reader in designing countermeasures. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.

Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website.

PVC Polyvinyl Chloride Hazard Summary-Created in April ; Revised in January The following information was obtained from the US EPA, to which we have made a few [additions of content from other sources and occasional edits for clarity].

Most vinyl chloride is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and vinyl products. If you have any questions, comments, or concerns about the content of this page, please submit this form. Consumers with specific questions regarding a business’ decision to provide a warning should contact the business.

Apart from defining the symptoms of "vinyl chloride illness", these studies provide strong and consistent evidence that vinyl chloride causes the rare tumour, angiosarcoma of the liver.

Brain tumours and hepatocellular carcinoma may also be associated with exposure, though the evidence is less conclusive. Jan 21,  · Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas at normal temperatures. It is also known as chloroethene, chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene. It is flammable (burns easily) as a gas and is not stable at high temperatures.

Vinyl chloride exists in liquid form if it is kept under high pressure or at low temperatures (less than �C). Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study.

The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. D Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials—Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Foam (Closed-Cell) PVC~ flexible cellular plastics~.

A vinyl chloride case-control study. This study was described as part of a text book and took the reader through the same steps that the investigator took when conducting the actual study to allow the student to solve the same problems that the investigator solved in the course of the study.

not just those exposed to vinyl-chloride. This page contains information on the chemical Vinyl chloride including: synonyms/identifiers; U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 Section shipping regulations and 3 proper shipping names; USDOT Emergency Response Guidebook initial response information for 2 related materials.Vinyl Chloride: Health Information Summary Vinyl chloride is colorless, sweet smelling, and generally a gas at ambient temperature since the pure substance changes from a liquid to a gas when the temperature reaches 8° Fahrenheit.

About 98 percent of.VINYL CHLORIDE is peroxidizable. Forms explosive polymeric peroxides in contact with air (in the presence of any of a variety of catalysts) [Bretherick p.

]. Long storage in contact with air increases the concentration of the polyperoxides to hazardous levels [MCA Case History ].